Aws part 5 → VPC a complete tour

Aakib
4 min readApr 27, 2023

#75daysofaws

Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a cloud networking service that allows you to create and manage your own virtual network in the cloud. With VPC, you can define your own private IP address space, create subnets, and configure network gateways to connect your VPC to the internet and other VPCs.

In this guide, we’ll cover the basics of VPC and how to set it up in the cloud. We’ll also discuss some best practices for configuring your VPC to ensure that it’s secure and scalable.

What is VPC?

In simple terms, a VPC is a virtual network in the cloud. It provides you with complete control over your network environment, including IP addresses, subnets, route tables, and network gateways.

When you create a VPC, you define your own IP address range, which is divided into subnets. Each subnet can be associated with a particular availability zone in the cloud. You can then configure route tables and network gateways to allow traffic to flow between the subnets and to the internet.

Setting Up a VPC

To set up a VPC, you’ll need to follow these basic steps:

  1. Choose a Region: First, choose the AWS region where you want to create your VPC. Each region has its own availability zones and network infrastructure, so it’s important to choose the one that’s closest to your users or applications.
  2. Create a VPC: Once you’ve chosen a region, you can create a new VPC by using the AWS Management Console, API, or CLI. When you create a VPC, you’ll need to specify its IP address range, the number of subnets you want to create, and the CIDR blocks for each subnet.
  3. Configure Subnets: After creating your VPC, you’ll need to create subnets for it. Each subnet is associated with a particular availability zone and has its own CIDR block. You can also configure network ACLs and security groups to control traffic between the subnets and to the internet.
  4. Configure Route Tables: To allow traffic to flow between the subnets and to the internet, you’ll need to configure route tables. Route tables define the traffic routes between subnets and to the internet. You can create multiple route tables for your VPC to provide different routing options.
  5. Configure Network Gateways: Finally, you’ll need to configure network gateways to connect your VPC to the internet or to other VPCs. AWS provides several options for network gateways, including internet gateways, NAT gateways, and virtual private gateways.

Best Practices for VPC

To ensure that your VPC is secure and scalable, here are some best practices you should follow:

  1. Use Private IP Addresses: When you create your VPC, use private IP addresses that are not publicly routable. This will prevent your instances from being directly accessible from the internet.
  2. Create Separate Subnets: To separate different types of traffic and to provide better security, create separate subnets for each type of instance. For example, you can create a public subnet for web servers and a private subnet for database servers.
  3. Use Security Groups: Security groups are a powerful tool for controlling network traffic to your instances. Use security groups to allow only the necessary traffic to your instances and to block all other traffic.
  4. Use Network ACLs: Network ACLs provide an additional layer of security for your VPC. Use network ACLs to block unwanted traffic and to provide fine-grained control over the traffic that’s allowed to your instances.
  5. Use Multiple Availability Zones: To ensure high availability and fault tolerance, use multiple

here are some additional points which is helpful in understanding VPC in depth:

  1. Security groups: Security groups act as virtual firewalls that control traffic to and from your EC2 instances. You can create rules to allow specific traffic types (such as HTTP or SSH) and restrict traffic to specific IP addresses or ranges.
  2. Network Access Control Lists (NACLs): NACLs provide an additional layer of security for your VPC by filtering traffic at the subnet level. You can set inbound and outbound rules to allow or deny traffic based on IP addresses, ports, and protocols.
  3. Internet Gateway: An Internet Gateway (IGW) is a horizontally scaled, redundant, and highly available VPC component that allows communication between instances in your VPC and the internet. It enables instances in your VPC to communicate with resources outside your VPC, such as the internet, other VPCs, or your own corporate network.
  4. Virtual Private Gateway: A Virtual Private Gateway (VGW) is a type of VPN connection that allows you to securely connect your VPC to your on-premises data center or other VPCs over an encrypted VPN connection.
  5. VPC Peering: VPC peering allows you to connect two VPCs together, enabling resources in one VPC to communicate with resources in another VPC as if they were on the same network.
  6. NAT Gateway: A NAT gateway allows instances in your private subnets to access the internet while blocking inbound traffic from the internet. It acts as a bridge between the private subnets and the internet, translating the private IP addresses of the instances to a public IP address.
  7. VPC Endpoints: A VPC endpoint enables you to privately connect your VPC to supported AWS services and VPC endpoint services. With VPC endpoints, you can access AWS services such as Amazon S3 and Amazon DynamoDB without requiring a public IP address or an internet gateway.

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Aakib

Cloud computing and DevOps Engineer and to be as a fresher I am learning and gaining experiance by doing some hands on projects on DevOps and in AWS OR GCP