Project 4 →Deploy Netflix Clone on Kubernetes

Completion steps →

18 min readNov 3, 2023

Phase 1 →deploy netflix locally on ec2 (t2.large)

Phase 2 → Implementation of security with sonarqube and trivy

Phase 3 →Now we automate the whole deployment using by jenkins pipeline

Phase 4 →Monitering via Prmotheus and grafana

Phase 5 → Kubernetes →

Phase 1 → deploy netflix locally on ec2 (t2.large)

Step 1 →setup ec2

  1. go to aws console and launch ubuntu 22.04 with t2.large and 25 gb of storage allocated with it don’t forget to enable public ip in vpc settings

2. let’s connect to your ec2 via ssh using command “ssh -i “mykey.pem” ubuntu@ec2–54–197–62–

3. run the following commands

a. sudo su

b. apt update

clone the github repo by

c. git clone

Make sure to create an elastic ip address to associate with your instance

Step 2 → setup docker and build images

run the following commands to install docker→

a. apt-get install
b. usermod -aG docker $USER # Replace with your username e.g ‘ubuntu’
c. newgrp docker
d. sudo chmod 777 /var/run/docker.sock → #is used to grant full read, write, and execute permissions to all users for the Docker socket file, which allows unrestricted access to the Docker daemon and is a significant security risk.

run the following commands to build and run docker container →

a. docker build -t netflix .

b. docker run -d — name netflix -p 8081:80 netflix:latest → this maps the container port to your ec2 port

c. go to your ec2 →security groups →open the port 8081 by adding rule custom tcp = 8081

your aplication is running go to your ec2 copy public ip and browse http://your_public_ip:8081 and it’s open like this

Its shows a blank page of netflix because you don’t have a api that’s communicate with netflix database let’s solve this

what is an API→

An API (Application Programming Interface) is like a menu for a restaurant that lets you order food (data or functions) from a software system or application, allowing different programs to talk to each other and share information in a structured way.

Step 3 → setup netflix API

  • Open a web browser and navigate to TMDB (The Movie Database) website.
  • Click on sign up
  • Now enter your username and pass for sign in then go to your profile and select “Settings.”
  • Click on “API” from the left-side panel.
  • Create a new API key by clicking “generate new api key ” and accepting the terms and conditions.
  • Provide the required basic details such as name and website url of netflix and click “Submit.”
  • You will receive your TMDB API key.
copy the api key

Now delete the existing image by

a. docker stop <containerid>
b. docker rmi -f netflix

Run the new container by follwing command

  1. docker build -t netflix:latest — build-arg TMDB_V3_API_KEY=your_api_key .
  2. docker run -d -p 8081:80 netflix

your container is created

now again browse the same url you will see the whole netflix database is connected to your netflix clone app

congrats your aplication is running

Phase 2 → Implementation of security with sonarqube and trivy

what is sonarqube →

SonarQube is like a “code quality detective” tool for software developers that scans your code to find and report issues, bugs, security vulnerabilities, and code smells to help you write better and more reliable software. It provides insights and recommendations to improve the overall quality and maintainability of your codebase

what is trivy →

Trivy is like a “security guard” for your software that checks for vulnerabilities in the components (like libraries) your application uses, helping you find and fix potential security problems to keep your software safe from attacks and threats. It’s a tool that scans your software for known security issues and provides information on how to address them.

step 1 → setup sonarqube on your ec2

run the following commands to isntall and run the conatainer of sonarqube on port no. 9000

a. docker run -d — name sonar -p 9000:9000 sonarqube:lts-community

go and open port 9000 forn sonarqube to your ec2 security group

Now browse http://your_public_ip:9000 you will see sonarqube is running

username =admin

your sonarqube dashboard

Step 2 → setup Trivy

run the following commands

a. sudo apt-get install wget apt-transport-https gnupg lsb-release

b. wget -qO — | sudo apt-key add -

c. echo deb $(lsb_release -sc) main | sudo tee -a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/trivy.list

d. sudo apt-get update

e. sudo apt-get install trivy

now your trivy is ready to check and scan your image for any vulnerabilities

to check run the following commands

a. trivy image <image id>

here’s the scan of your image of netflix

Phase 3 →Now we automate the whole deployment using by jenkins pipeline

Step 1 →install and configure jenkins via terminal …jenkins also required java for run itself so we install java and then jenkins

commands to run on the terminal →

setup java

  1. sudo apt update
  2. sudo apt install fontconfig openjdk-17-jre
  3. java -version
    output →openjdk version “17.0.8” 2023–07–18
    OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 17.0.8+7-Debian-1deb12u1)
    OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 17.0.8+7-Debian-1deb12u1, mixed mode, sharing)

Setup jenkins

  1. sudo wget -O /usr/share/keyrings/jenkins-keyring.asc \
  2. echo deb [signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/jenkins-keyring.asc] \ binary/ | sudo tee \
    /etc/apt/sources.list.d/jenkins.list > /dev/null
  3. sudo apt-get update
  4. sudo apt-get install jenkins
  5. sudo systemctl start jenkins
  6. sudo systemctl enable jenkins
  7. Access Jenkins in a web browser using the public IP of your EC2 instance http://publicIp:8080

Install some suggested plugins for pipeline to run without errors

1 Eclipse Temurin Installer (Install without restart)

2 SonarQube Scanner (Install without restart)

3 NodeJs Plugin (Install Without restart)

4 Email Extension Plugin

6. owasp →The OWASP Plugin in Jenkins is like a “security assistant” that helps you find and fix security issues in your software. It uses the knowledge and guidelines from the Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) to scan your web applications and provide suggestions on how to make them more secure. It’s a tool to ensure that your web applications are protected against common security threats and vulnerabilities.

7. Prometheus metrics →to moniter jenkins on grafana dashboard

8. Download all the docker realated plugins

Step 2 → add credentials of Sonarqube and Docker

1st we genrate a token for sonarqube to use in jenkins credentials as secret text

setup sonarqube credentials

  1. go to http://publicip:9000
  2. now enter your username and password
  3. click on security →users →token →generate token

4. copy the token and go to your jenkins →manage jenkins →credentials →global →add credentials

5. select secret text from dropdown

6. secret text ==your token , id =sonar-token →click on create

setup projects in sonarqube for jenkins

  1. go to your sonarqube server
  2. click on projects
  3. in the name field type Netflix
  4. click on set up
click on this option
click on generate

select the os and the following commands used in jenkins pipeline code that set sonarqube to watch over jenkins

Setup docker credentials

  1. go to your jenkins →manage jenkins →credentials →global →add credentials
  2. provide your username and password of your dockerhub
  3. id==docker

Step 3→Now we are going to setup tools for jenkins

go to manage jenkins → tools

a. add jdk

  1. click on add jdk and select installer
  2. choose jdk and in name section enter jdk 17

b. add node js

  1. click on add nodejs
  2. enter node16 in name section
  3. choose version nodejs 16.2.0

c. add docker →

  1. click on add docker
  2. name==docker
  3. add installer ==download from

d. add sonarqube →

  1. add sonar scanner
  2. name ==sonar-scanner

e. add owasp dependency check →

Adding the Dependency-Check plugin in the “Tools” section of Jenkins allows you to perform automated security checks on the dependencies used by your application

  1. add dependency check
  2. name == DP-Check
  3. from add installer select install from

Step 4 →Configure global setting for sonarube

  1. go to manage jenkins →Configure global setting →add sonarqube servers
  2. name ==sonar-server
  3. server_url==http://public_ip:9000
  4. server authentication token == sonar-token

Step 5 →let’s run the Pipeline →

  1. go to new item →select pipeline →in the name section type netflix
  2. scroll down to the pipeline script and copy paste the following code
agent any
jdk 'jdk17'
nodejs 'node16'
environment {
SCANNER_HOME=tool 'sonar-scanner'
stages {
stage('clean workspace'){
stage('Checkout from Git'){
git branch: 'main', url: ''
stage("Sonarqube Analysis "){
withSonarQubeEnv('sonar-server') {
sh ''' $SCANNER_HOME/bin/sonar-scanner -Dsonar.projectName=Netflix \
-Dsonar.projectKey=Netflix '''
stage("quality gate"){
steps {
script {
waitForQualityGate abortPipeline: false, credentialsId: 'Sonar-token'
stage('Install Dependencies') {
steps {
sh "npm install"
stage('OWASP FS SCAN') {
steps {
dependencyCheck additionalArguments: '--scan ./ --disableYarnAudit --disableNodeAudit', odcInstallation: 'DP-Check'
dependencyCheckPublisher pattern: '**/dependency-check-report.xml'
stage('TRIVY FS SCAN') {
steps {
sh "trivy fs . > trivyfs.txt"
stage("Docker Build & Push"){
withDockerRegistry(credentialsId: 'docker', toolName: 'docker'){
sh "docker build --build-arg TMDB_V3_API_KEY=<yourapikey> -t netflix ."
sh "docker tag netflix aakibkhan1212/netflix:latest "
sh "docker push aakibkhan1212/netflix:latest "
sh "trivy image nasi101/netflix:latest > trivyimage.txt"
stage('Deploy to container'){
sh 'docker run -d --name netflix -p 8081:80 nasi101/netflix:latest'
If you get docker login failed errorrsudo su
sudo usermod -aG docker jenkins
sudo systemctl restart jenkins

3. Your Pipeline is started to build the following docker image and send it to dockerhub with all security checks

Phase 4 →Monitering via Prmotheus and grafana

  • Prometheus is like a detective that constantly watches your software and gathers data about how it’s performing. It’s good at collecting metrics, like how fast your software is running or how many users are visiting your website.
  • Grafana, on the other hand, is like a dashboard designer. It takes all the data collected by Prometheus and turns it into easy-to-read charts and graphs. This helps you see how well your software is doing at a glance and spot any problems quickly.

In other words, Prometheus collects the information, and Grafana makes it look pretty and understandable so you can make decisions about your software. They’re often used together to monitor and manage applications and infrastructure.

Step 1 →Setup another server or EC2 for moniterning

  1. go to ec2 console and launch an instance having a base image ofu buntu and with t2.medium specs because Minimum Requirements to Install Prometheus :
  • 2 CPU cores.
  • 4 GB of memory.
  • 20 GB of free disk space.

Step 2 →Installing Prometheus:

  1. First, create a dedicated Linux user for Prometheus and download Prometheus:

a. sudo useradd — system — no-create-home — shell /bin/false prometheus

b. wget

2. Extract Prometheus files, move them, and create directories:

a. tar -xvf prometheus-2.47.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz

b. cd prometheus-2.47.1.linux-amd64/

c. sudo mkdir -p /data /etc/prometheus

d. sudo mv prometheus promtool /usr/local/bin/

e. sudo mv consoles/ console_libraries/ /etc/prometheus/

f. sudo mv prometheus.yml /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

3. Set ownership for directories:

a. sudo chown -R prometheus:prometheus /etc/prometheus/ /data/

4. Create a systemd unit configuration file for Prometheus:

a. sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/prometheus.service

Add the following code to the prometheus.service file:



ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/prometheus \
--config.file=/etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml \
--storage.tsdb.path=/data \
--web.console.templates=/etc/prometheus/consoles \
--web.console.libraries=/etc/prometheus/console_libraries \
--web.listen-address= \


b. press →ctrl+o #for save and then ctrl+x #for exit from the file

Here’s a explanation of the key parts in this above file:

  • User and Group specify the Linux user and group under which Prometheus will run.
  • ExecStart is where you specify the Prometheus binary path, the location of the configuration file (prometheus.yml), the storage directory, and other settings.
  • web.listen-address configures Prometheus to listen on all network interfaces on port 9090.
  • web.enable-lifecycle allows for management of Prometheus through API calls.

5. Enable and start Prometheus:

a. sudo systemctl enable prometheus
b. sudo systemctl start prometheus

c. sudo systemctl status prometheus

Now go to your security group of your ec2 to enable port 9090 in which prometheus will run

go to → http://public_ip:9090 to see the webpage of prometheus

Step 3 → Installing Node Exporter:

Node exporter is like a “reporter” tool for Prometheus, which helps collect and provide information about a computer (node) so Prometheus can monitor it. It gathers data about things like CPU usage, memory, disk space, and network activity on that computer.

A Node Port Exporter is a specific kind of Node Exporter that is used to collect information about network ports on a computer. It tells Prometheus which network ports are open and what kind of data is going in and out of those ports. This information is useful for monitoring network-related activities and can help you ensure that your applications and services are running smoothly and securely.

Run the following commands for installation

  1. Create a system user for Node Exporter and download Node Exporter:

a. sudo useradd — system — no-create-home — shell /bin/false node_exporter

b . wget

2. Extract Node Exporter files, move the binary, and clean up:

a. tar -xvf node_exporter-1.6.1.linux-amd64.tar.gz
b. sudo mv node_exporter-1.6.1.linux-amd64/node_exporter /usr/local/bin/
c. rm -rf node_exporter*

3. Create a systemd unit configuration file for Node Exporter:

a. sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/node_exporter.service

add the following code to the node_exporter.service file:

provide more detailed information about what might be going wrong. For example:

Description=Node Exporter


ExecStart=/usr/local/bin/node_exporter --collector.logind

WantedBy=multi-user.targetb. press → ctrl+o then ctrl+x

4. Enable and start Node Exporter:

a. sudo systemctl enable node_exporter
b. sudo systemctl start node_exporter

c. sudo systemctl status node_exporter

node exporter service is now running

You can access Node Exporter metrics in Prometheus.

Step 4→Configure Prometheus Plugin Integration:

  1. go to your EC2 and run →cd /etc/prometheus

2. you have to edit the prometheus.yml file to moniter anything

scrape_interval: 15s

- job_name: 'node_exporter'
- targets: ['localhost:9100']

- job_name: 'jenkins'
metrics_path: '/prometheus'
- targets: ['<your-jenkins-ip>:<your-jenkins-port>']

add the above code with proper indentation like this →

press esc+:wq to save and exit

a. Check the validity of the configuration file →

promtool check config /etc/prometheus/prometheus.yml

o/p →success

b. Reload the Prometheus configuration without restarting →

curl -X POST http://localhost:9090/-/reload

go to your prometheus tab again and click on status and select targets you will there is three targets present as we enter in yaml file for moniterning

prometheus targets dashboard

Step 5 →Setup Grafana →

Install Dependencies:

a. sudo apt-get update
b. sudo apt-get install -y apt-transport-https software-properties-common

Add the GPG Key for Grafana:

a. wget -q -O — | sudo apt-key add -

Add the repository for Grafana stable releases:

a. echo “deb stable main” | sudo tee — a /etc/apt/sources.list.d/grafana.list

Update the package list , install and start Grafana:

a. sudo apt-get update
b. sudo apt-get -y install grafana

c. sudo systemctl enable grafana-server

d. sudo systemctl start grafana-server

e. sudo systemctl status grafana-server

Now go to your ec2 security group and open port no. 3000 in which grafana runs

Go and browse http://public_ip:3000 to access your grafana web interface

username = admin, password =admin

Step 6 →Add Prometheus Data Source:

To visualize metrics, you need to add a data source.

Follow these steps:

  • Click on the gear icon (⚙️) in the left sidebar to open the “Configuration” menu.
  • Select “Data Sources.”
  • Click on the “Add data source” button.
  • Choose “Prometheus” as the data source type.
  • In the “HTTP” section:
  • Set the “URL” to http://localhost:9090 (assuming Prometheus is running on the same server).
  • Click the “Save & Test” button to ensure the data source is working.

Step 7 → Import a Dashboard

Importing a dashboard in Grafana is like using a ready-made template to quickly create a set of charts and graphs for monitoring your data, without having to build them from scratch.

  • Click on the “+” (plus) icon in the left sidebar to open the “Create” menu.
  • Select “Dashboard.”
  • Click on the “Import” dashboard option.
  • Enter the dashboard code you want to import (e.g., code 1860).
  • Click the “Load” button.
  • Select the data source you added (Prometheus) from the dropdown.
  • Click on the “Import” button.

Step 7 →Configure global setting for promotheus

go to manage jenkins →system →search for promotheus — apply →save

Step 8→ import a dashboard for jenkins

  • Click on the “+” (plus) icon in the left sidebar to open the “Create” menu.
  • Select “Dashboard.”
  • Click on the “Import” dashboard option.
  • Enter the dashboard code you want to import (e.g., code 9964).
  • Click the “Load” button.
  • Select the data source you added (Prometheus) from the dropdown.

Phase 5: Kubernetes

Step 1 →Setup EKS(Elastic Kubernetes Service) on aws

  1. go to console and search for EKS
  2. click on add a cluster
click on create

3. add a name to your cluster and choose a service role if you don’t have then follow below documentation to create it

4. click on next and choose the default vpc and in subnet option make sure to remove all the private subnet and remain everything as it is

5. click on next →next →create

6. when you cluster is ready then go to compute option and add a node group

7. choose the below options

Remain everything as it is →click on create

Step 2 →Installing aws -cli to control the cluster from our terminal

Now go to your terminal and run

  1. pip install awscli
  2. aws configure
  3. enter a access key and then secret access key

How to create access key

  1. go to your console click on your username and then select Security Credentials option

2. scroll down to access keys and click on create

copy and paste it to terminal

Run the follwing command

  1. aws eks update-kubeconfig — name YourClusterName — region us-east-1

This command is used to update the Kubernetes configuration (kubeconfig) file for an Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) cluster named "Netflix_cluster" in the "us-east-" region, allowing you to interact with the cluster using kubectl.

Step 3→Install helm →

  1. curl | gpg — dearmor | sudo tee /usr/share/keyrings/helm.gpg > /dev/null
  2. sudo apt-get install apt-transport-https — yes
  3. echo “deb [arch=$(dpkg — print-architecture) signed-by=/usr/share/keyrings/helm.gpg] all main” | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/helm-stable-debian.list
  4. sudo apt-get install helm

Step →4 Install Node Exporter using Helm

To begin monitoring your Kubernetes cluster, you’ll install the Prometheus Node Exporter by Using Helm to install Node Exporter in Kubernetes makes it easy to set up and manage the tool for monitoring your servers by providing a pre-packaged, customizable, and consistent way to do it.

  1. Add the Prometheus Community Helm repository:
  1. Create a Kubernetes namespace for the Node Exporter:
  • kubectl create namespace prometheus-node-exporter
  1. Install the Node Exporter using Helm:
  • helm install prometheus-node-exporter prometheus-community/prometheus-node-exporter — namespace prometheus-node-exporter
  1. kubectl get pods -n prometheus-node-exporter → run this to verify

Add a Job to Scrape Metrics on nodeip:9001/metrics in prometheus.yml:

Update your Prometheus configuration (prometheus.yml) to add a new job for scraping metrics from nodeip:9001/metrics. You can do this by adding the following configuration to your prometheus.yml file:

- job_name: 'Netflix'
metrics_path: '/metrics'
- targets: ['node1Ip:9100']

Replace ‘your-job-name’ with a descriptive name for your job. The static_configs section specifies the targets to scrape metrics from, and in this case, it’s set to nodeip:9001.

Don’t forget to reload or restart Prometheus to apply these changes to your configuratiDeploy Application with ArgoCDon.

Step 5→Install Argo cd

Argo CD is a tool that helps software developers and teams manage and deploy their applications to Kubernetes clusters more easily. It simplifies the process of keeping your applications up to date and in sync with your desired configuration by automatically syncing your code with what’s running in your Kubernetes environment. It’s like a traffic cop for your chmod 700 get_helm.shapplications on Kubernetes, ensuring they are always in the right state without you having to manually make changes.

  1. Add the Argo CD Helm repository:

2. Update your Helm repositories:

  • helm repo update

3. Create a namespace for Argo CD (optional but recommended):

  • kubectl create namespace argocd

4. Install Argo CD using Helm:

  • helm install argocd argo-cd/argo-cd -n argocd

5. kubectl get all -n argocd

Expose argocd-server

By default argocd-server is not publicaly exposed. For the purpose of this workshop, we will use a Load Balancer to make it usable:

  1. kubectl patch svc argocd-server -n argocd -p '{"spec": {"type": "LoadBalancer"}}'
  2. export ARGOCD_SERVER=`kubectl get svc argocd-server -n argocd -o json | jq — raw-output ‘.status.loadBalancer.ingress[0].hostname’`
  3. echo $ARGOCD_SERVER

you have given a url copy and paste it on your chrome browser

username ==admin

For Password →

  1. export ARGO_PWD=`kubectl -n argocd get secret argocd-initial-admin-secret -o jsonpath=”{.data.password}” | base64 -d`
  2. echo $ARGO_PWD
  3. output == password for argocd
copy and paste the password on argocd page and you are logged in

Step 5 →Deploy Application with ArgoCD

Sign into argo cd using above steps →

  1. go to setting →repositories →connect repo
select these options and on repo url copy n paste your github url

2. click on connect output →successful

3. Now go to application →newapp

4. select the above options and click on create

5. Now click on sync →force →sync →ok

click on netflix app

6.go to your cluster and select the node created by node group and expose port 30007

now browse the aplication by Publicip:30007
Here is your application is running on port 30007 by EKS

Congrats Here we completed our project go and add this on your resume




Cloud computing and DevOps Engineer and to be as a fresher I am learning and gaining experiance by doing some hands on projects on DevOps and in AWS OR GCP